Scientific research papers need to be very precise and informative. They need to include all the possible information a person is looking for and they have to follow a common structure in order for it to be easy for the reader to follow. There are a number of scientific research papers that might not follow a particular pattern, but it is still essential for these papers to include the right information even if it is not in the right format. Following the crucial elements of a scientific research paper however, will help you deliver a well-researched, informative paper that is useful. Here are a few tips on how to make create the perfect scientific research paper. The important elements of a well-researched science paper includes the following:

  • Title
  • Abstract
  • Introduction
  • Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Works Cited


The title needs to convey to the reader what the paper is all about. It needs to be as informative and specific as possible so the reader understands what to expect from the paper. It is essential not to use very complicated titles since they will confuse the reader. Make sure you choose a title that is understandable and concise. You don't need to cut down of the number of words on your title to keep it short. Similarly, make sure you do not include irrelevant words since they will take up too much space. Points to remember while writing a title:

  • Always include the title on the cover page of your research paper
  • Keep it informative and concise
  • Make sure to capitalize the nouns in the title
  • Center the alignment of the title
  • Always add the date and the names of the people who have contributed to the research paper below the title


The abstract section would be nothing but a summary of the report. This would include the various methods used, the type of questions investigated, the results, and a conclusion. The abstract section should offer a selective summary of the ideas and information in the report. It should also be precise and clear in its wording. It should accurately reflect what the paper is emphasizing on and the content included in the paper. This provides a quick way for readers to understand the research project. Readers can easily assess the relevance of your work by just reading the abstract section. Your main purpose of writing the abstract is to give a clear understanding of the report without having to read the report at length. Abstract is the first thing that readers look for. They make a judgment on the report based on the abstract. The abstract is one of the most important elements of a scientific research paper.


An introduction should be a brief section that is designed to provide information of the relevance of the research. It should also include a short history that may lead to statements of the problem being addressed. The introduction should not be more than a page and should follow a funnel style. This means that it should speak broadly and eventually narrow down to the topic. The introduction should focus on the issue or question that the research is based on. It should provide context for the reader to evaluate the research. It can also include visual aids or drawings. Methods It is essential to list down the methods you used to conduct the research. Make sure you include a description for each of the methods so the reader follows the paper easily. Also make sure you include the right information which is complete. Do not include any incomplete research information that has no conclusion.

  • Make sure to include all the experimental procedures that were conducted
  • Talk about the techniques and methods used to conduct the research
  • Explain a detailed analysis of the research
  • Make sure to keep the details, short but precise since this will make your research paper more informative and detailed

Results Results are only the facts that sum up your research paper. Make sure you only include the result of your research here. This means the data, which needs to be in order not the methods used. This should be included before the results. You can always use tables, graphs, or even images to talk about the results. It is not required for the result to be brief, however it should be exactly what the reader is expecting - the results of the research, nothing more, nothing less. Discussion This is where you can add the details about your findings, conclusions and more. This is not really related to your results in any manner, it just offers readers your point of view and what you think about the research. Works Cited This is where you use the reference of all the sources you referred to for the information. This is also a place for you to add any notes about people you might like to thank. These guidelines are provided by one of research paper writing websites: